Biomass Gasification

Introduction

Biomass gasification is a thermo chemical process where solid biomass such as wood, wood waste and agricultural residue, is converted into combustible gas mixture. The resulting gas, known as “producer gas,” contains CO (15 to 29%), CO2 (5-15%), H2 (5-12%), N2 (50-65%) and small amounts of hydrocarbon gases. The producer gas, which has a calorific value of 1200 to 1500 kcal/m3, can be combusted for thermal energy or used to operate gas turbines or internal combustion engine for mechanical and electrical power.